Bee Varieties Assortment
Away from 2009 so you’re able to 2018, 192 bee variety (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) was basically stuck within the Calanques National Park through each other websites and you will pan pitfall choices. They belonged to help you six families and you can 38 genera. Megachilidae is the quintessential variety-rich members of the family, with Apidae and Halictidae, with 53, 44, and you will 43 variety, correspondingly. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 try brand new wealthiest genus, with 33 variety, while seven genera were illustrated because of the one kinds (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Dining table step 1 [on the internet just] ). Utilizing the jackknife step 1 and you may dos indexes, the entire bee kinds fullness is estimated getting between ± 9.89 and you can ± . The latest noticed richness ergo illustrated 71.3 so you can 79.6% of projected bee fullness ( Table dos). The brand new Chao1 strategy estimated the brand new noticed fullness to-be 76.8% of the potential limitation fullness ( Desk 2). By far the most abundant species are Apis mellifera L. (276 some body), with Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and you may 168 some body, respectively), and Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 some one). Ultimately, fifty species (26%) was represented by the only 1 personal (singletons).
Environmental Faculties out-of Bees
About your environmental faculties regarding nesting needs, we identified 59 solitary bee species nesting over crushed, 92 single bee kinds nesting below ground and 23 cleptoparasitic varieties, equal to 30.eight, 47.9, and you will several.0% of the complete bee variety richness, respectively. I recognized four public kinds (bumble bees and honey bees-dos.1%). Finally, the new nesting choice out of 14 variety are still not familiar (7.3%- Supp Dining table 1 [on line only] ). About your floral diet plan from bee species, i discovered that 105 kinds (54.7%) foraged for the an array of bush variety (i.elizabeth., generalist varieties, polylectic) and you may 51 varieties (26.5%) foraged on one bush relatives otherwise that/few bush variety (we.elizabeth., expert varieties, oligolectic). On left thirty six bee kinds (18.8%), the brand new floral diet was not identified (elizabeth.g., to possess cleptoparasitic species). However, most generalist species displayed an inclination for example or several bush group ( Supp Desk step 1 [on the internet merely] ). On forty two singletons, 14 bee varieties (28%) had been specialists, and nine bee variety (18%) was indeed cleptoparasitic ( Supp Table step 1 [online simply] ).
An enthusiastic IUCN status are designed for 178 species (leaving out the brand new kinds buildings and not known types). Among those, 47 variety was in fact classified since study lacking (DD-twenty-six.4%), 124 species was basically minimum alarmed (LC-69.6%), six species were close endangered (NT-step 3.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and you may L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and something kinds try noticed threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Table step one [online just] ). About three oligolectic species were one of the seven threatened bee kinds. An effective. ovatula and C. albomaculatus try professionals towards the Fabaceae, D. argentata try a professional into the Caprifoliaceae.
Regarding 2009 to help you 2018, 38 types of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) have been stuck inside Calanques Federal Playground. They belonged to twenty four genera ( Supp Dining table 2 [online only] ). By far the most numerous genera were Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 individuals), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (fourteen someone), and you will Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de- Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville when you look at the Latreille, 1828 (thirteen https://datingranking.net/chappy-review/ anyone), whereas 20 varieties (53%) was illustrated by only 1 individual ( Supp Table 2 [on the web merely] ). The new bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) were represented by the 20 varieties, in addition to four singletons (25%) ( Supp Table step three [on line simply] ). The new estimate of complete variety richness away from hover flies and you will bee flies is actually ranging from 83 and you may 97 kinds using the jackknife step one and you may dos spiders, respectively. Thus, the noticed richness illustrated 59.8–69.9% of projected hover travel and bee travel richness ( Desk 2).